सामान्य ज्ञान [G.K] ➩ इम्पोर्टेन्ट संकेताक्षर(Abbreviations) की सूची

सामान्य ज्ञान [G.K] ➩ इम्पोर्टेन्ट संकेताक्षर(Abbreviations) की सूची

हम विभिन्न प्रवेश परीक्षाओं के लिए पिछले परीक्षाओं को देखते हैं कि संकेताक्षरों पर आधारित कुछ प्रश्न हमेशा पूछे जाते हैं। यहाँ एक छोटी सी सूची है जो हमने आपके लिए तैयार की  है। कृपया आप इसे अच्छे से  याद करने का प्रयास करें।
यह बैंकिंग परीक्षा (क्लर्क, पीओ, एमटी), एसएससी, एफसीआई और अन्य प्रवेश परीक्षाओं के लिए उपयोगी है।
संकेताक्षरों पर आधारित  सूची.......

1. LPG     Liquefied Petroleum Gas                    
2. TNT     Tri Nitro Toluen
3. RNA     Ribonucleic Acid                           
4. CNG     Compressed Natural Gas
5. ATP     Adenosine Tri Phosphate              
6. RBC     Red Blood Cells/Corpuscles
7. ECG     Electro Cardio Gram                     
8. PVC     Poly vinyl Chloride 
9. RAM     Random Access Memory              
10. CFC     Chloro Fluoro Carbon
11. LASER     Light Amplification by Stimulated emission of Radiation                      
12. RADAR     Radio Detection And Ranging
13. AIDS     Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome                                 
14. ROM     Read Only Memory
15. LAN     Local Area Network                    
16. WWW     World Wide Web
17. DNA     Deoxyribonucleic Acid                
18. SONAR     Sound Navigation And Ranging
19. SARS     Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome  
20. NTP     Network Time Protocol/ Normal Temperature and Pressure     
21. RQ     Respiratory Quotient
22. NPN     Negative Positive Negative       
23. PNP     Purine Nucleoside Phosphorylase
24. WAN     Wide Area Network                  
25. CPU     Central Processing Unit
26. BCG     Bacillus Calmette Guerin           
27. STP     Standard Temperature And Pressure/Shielded Twisted Pair/Sodium Tripolyphosphate/Spanning Tree Protocol
28. ATP     Adenosine Triphosphate          
29. KWh     Kilo Watt Hour 
30. BTU     British thermal Unit                   
31. LDL     Low Density Lipoprotein
32. MAF     Million Acre Feet                  
33. HDL     Hardware Description Language
34. MCV     Mean Corpuscular Volume   
35. UHF     Ultra High Frequency
36. LED     Light emitting Diode              
37. LCD     Liquid Crystal Display
38. BASIC     Beginner’s All    Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
39. MASER     Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
40. ETT     Educational Telecommunications and Technology/ European Transaction on Telecommunication
41. HST     High Speed Technology/ High Speed Train (in UK)/Hubble Space Telescope
42. DBS     Data Base Server/ Direct Broadcast Satellite  
43. CRO     Cathode Ray Oscilloscope
44. BOT     Build, Operate and Transfer/Botulinum Toxin
45. AMU     Atomic Mass Unit     
46. EMF     Electro Motive force
47. ADH     Anti    diuretic Hormone   
48. GeV     Giga Electro Volt
49. CRT     Cathode Ray Tube          
50. CNS     Central Nervous System
51. PTFE     Poly Tetra Fluoro Ethylene
52. GUT     Grand Unified Theory
53. LONAR     Long Range Navigation    
54. MeV     Mega Electron Volt/ Million Electron Volt/ Multi   experiment Viewer
55. AWACS     Airborne Warning and Control System  
56. ABM     Anti    Ballistic Missile 
57. AC     Alternating Current/Air Conditioning
58 AEC     Atomic Energy Commission  
59. Alt     Altitude
60. AM     Ante Maridiem (Before Noon/Midday)  
61. Amp     Ampere
62. APTEC     All Pakistan Technology Engineers Council
63. ATM     Automated Teller Machine (Banking) 
64. AW     Atomic Weight/ Asia Watch 
65. BIOS     Basic Input Output System
66. BDS     Bachelor Of Dental Surgery/ Bomb Disposal Squad
67. BP     Blood Pressure/ Boiling Point/ Blue Print  
68. CAA     Civil Aviation Authority 
69. CABB     Centre Of Agricultural Biochemistry And
70. Cal     Calorie  
71. CD     Compact Disc/ Civil Defence/ Community Development
72. CD    ROM     Compact Disc Read    Only Memory  
73. CECP     Cotton Export Corporation Of Pakistan
74. CHASNUPP     Chashma Nuclear Power Plant  
75. CMCC     China Mobile Communications Corporation
76. COM     Computer Aided Manufacturing 
77. COMSAT     Communications Satellite Corporation
78. COMSTECH     Council Of Scientific And Technology Cooperation Of Islamic Conference
79. CSIRO     Commonwealth Scientific And Industrial Research Organisation
80. CTBT     Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty  
81. CT    Scan     Computerised Axial Tomography Scanning
82. DVD     Dynamic Versatile Disc   
83. ECAT     Engineering Colleges Admission Test
84. EDB     Engineering Development Board  
85. EEG     Electroencephalogram
86. ENERCON     Energy Conservation Centre 
87. EPA     Energy Protection Agency
88. EPD     Energy Protection Department 
89. ESA     European Space Agency
90. ESRO     European Space Research Organisation 
91. FAT     File Allocation Table
92. FCPS     Fellow Of The Royal College Of Physicians And Surgeons
93. FM     Frequency Modulation  
94. FMCT     Fissile Material Cut    Off Treaty
95. FRCS     Fellow Of The Royal College Of Surgeons   
96. GHz. Gigahertz
97. GMT     Greenwich Mean Tim   
98. HIV     Human Immune Deficiency Virus  
99. HTML     Hypertext Mark    Up Language
100. HTTP     Hypertext Transfer Protocol  
101. IAEA     International Atomic Energy Agency (UN)
102. IBM     International Business Machine 
103. IC     Integrated Circuit/ Intelligence Corps
104. ICBM     Inter  Continental Ballistic Missile 
105. ICU     Intensive Care Unit
106. IEA     International Energy Agency
107. INSTRAW     International Research And Training Institute For The Advancement Of Women
108. INTELSAC     International Telecommunications Satellite Consortium
109. Intelsat     International Telecommunications Satellite Organisation
110. IRBM     Intermediate Range ballistic Missile 
111. ISP     Internet Service Provider  
112. IT     Information Technology 
113. ITB     Information Technology Board  
114. JAXA     Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
115. KANUPP     Karachi Nuclear Power Plant 
116. KAPCO     Kot Adu Power Company
117. kHz     Kilohertz  
118. KV     Kilo Volt  
119. kW     Kilowatt
120. MCAT     Medical Colleges Admission Test 
121. MDS     Master In Dental Surgery
122. MNP     Mobile Number Probability 
123. MRBM     Medium Range Ballistic Missile
124. MRCP     Member Of Royal College Of Physicians
125. MRCS     Member Of Royal College Of Surgeons 
126. MRI     Magnetic Resonance Imaging  
127. MS     Medical Superintendent  
128. MSN     Microsoft Network
129. MW     Megawatt  
130. NADRA     National Database And Registration Authority
131. NEPRA     National Electric Power Regulatory Authority
132. NM     Nautical Mile  
133. NMD     National Missile Defence  
134. NPT     Non    Nuclear Proliferation Treaty 
135. NRA     Nuclear Regulatory Authority
136. OGRA     Oil And Gas Regulatory Authority
137. NWD     Nation Wide Dialling 
138. OGDC     Oil And Gas Development Corporation
139. pm     Post Meridiem 
140. PEMRA     Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority
141. PTA     Pakistan Telecommunication Authority 
142. RADAR     Radio Detection and Ranging
143. SALT     Strategic Arms Limitation Talks 
144. SLV     Satellite Launch Vehicle
145. SMS     Short Message Service 
146. SNGPL     Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited
147. SONAR     Sound Navigation And Ranging 
148. SSGPL     Sui Southern Gas Pipeline Limited
149. STD     Subscriber’s Trunk Dialling  
150. STM     Subscriber Identification
151. SUPARCO     Space And Upper Atmosphere Research Committee (Pakistan)
152. TB     Tubercle Bacillus/ Tuberculosis 
153. UHF     Ultra High Frequency
154. UNAEC     United Nations Atomic Energy Commission
155. UNESCO     United Nations Education, Scientific And Cultural Organisation
156. VCD     Video Compact Disc 
157. VHF     Very High Frequency
158. WAN     Wide Area Network  
159. WAP     Wireless Application Protocol
160. WAPDA     Water And Power Development Authority
161. WHO     World Health Organisation 
162. WMD     Weapons Of Mass Destruction
163. WWF     World Wildlife Fund   
164. ZPG     Zero Population Growth
165.       ASEAN    Association of South East Asian Nations
166.       AITUC    All India Trade Union Congress
167.       ABM    Anti Ballistic Missiles           
168.       AIDS    Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
169.       AIIMS    All India Institute of Medical Sciences
170.       AIR    All India Radio; Annual Information report              
171.       AWACS    Airborne Warning and Control System    
172.       BBC    British Broadcasting Corporation
173.       BCG    Bacillus Calmette Guerin
174.       BARC    Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
175.       BC    Before Christ; Board of Control
176.       BIFR    Board of Industrial and Financial Reconstruction
177.       BIOS    Basic Input Output System
178.       BMD    Ballistic Missile Defense System
179.       CADA    Command Area Development Agency
180.       CET     Common Entrance Test
181.       CA    Chartered Accountant
182.       CRAC    Cyber Regulation Advisory Council
183.       CRDI    Common Rail Direct Injection
184.       CRR    Cash Reserve Ratio
185.       CSIR    Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
186.       CTBT    Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
187.       CRPF    Central Reserve Police Force

188.       DDT    Dichloro Diphenyl Trichloro ethane
189.       DNA    De    oxyribo Nucleic Acid
190.       DAVP    Directorate of Advertising and Visual Publicity
191.       DTH    Direct to Home
192.       ESMA    Essential Services Maintenance Act
193.       ESCAP     Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
194.       ECS    Electronic Cleaning Service
195.       ECG    Electro Cardio  Gram
196.       EEG    Electro  Encephalography
197.       EMI    Equated Monthly Instalment
198.       ESMA    Essential Services Maintenance Act
199.       EVM    Electronic Voting Machine
200.       FDR    Flight Data Recorder; Fixed Deposit Receipt
201.       FAO     Food and Agriculture Organisation
202.       FEMA    Foreign Exchange Management Act
203.       FERA    Foreign Exchange Regulations Act
204.       FICCI    Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry
205.       FDI    Foreign Direct Investment
206.       FII    Foreign Institutional Investors
207.       FIPB    Foreign Investment Promotion Board
208.       FLAG    Fiber Optic Link Around the Globe
209.       FTP    File Transfer Protocol

210.       GATT     General Agreement on Tariff and Trade
211.       GAIL    Gas Authority of India Limited
212.       GIST    Graphics and Intelligence based Script Technology
213.       GPRS    General Packet Radio System
214.       GPS    Global Positioning System
215.       GST    Goods and Service Tax
216.       HUDCO    Housing and Urban Development Corporation
217.       HDI    Human Development Index
218.       HDTV    High Definition Television
219.       HTML    Hyper Text Markup Language
220.       HTTP    Hype Text Transfer Protocol
221.       ICDS    Integrated Child Development Scheme
222.       IGNOU    Indira Gandhi National Open University
223.       IOC    International Olympic Committee
224.       INTERPOL    International Criminal Police Organization
225.       IRDP    Integrated Rural Development Programme 
226.       IFC     International Finance Corporation
227.       ITU     International Telecommunication Union
228.       ILO     International Labour Organisation
229.       IFAD     International Fund for Agricultural Development
230.       IFS     Indian Foreign Service
231.       IPS     Indian police service
232.       IAS     Indian Administrative service
233.       IRS     Indian Revenue Service
234.       IIS     Indian information Service
235.       ICAS     Indian Civil Accounts Service
236.       IRPS     Indian Railway Personnel Service
237.       IDES     Indian Defence Estate Service
238.       IBPS     Institute of Banking Personnel Selection
239.       IDA     International Development Association
240.       IST    Indian Standard Time
241.       JPC    Joint Parliamentary Committee
242.       JPEG    Joint Photographic Experts Group
243.       KPO    Knowledge Process Outsourcing
244.       LTTE    Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
245.       LCA    Light Combat Aircraft
246.       LOAC    Line of Actual Control
247.       LTA    Light Transport Aircraft
248.       MBBS    Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
249.       MFN    Most Favoured Nation
250.       MIP    Moon Impact Probe
251.       MMS    Multimedia Messaging Service
252.       MODEM    Modulator Demodulator
253.       MRI    Magnetic Resonance Imaging
254.       MVC    Maha Vir Chakra

255.       NABARD    National Bank for Agricultural and Rural Development
256.       NAV    Net Asset Value
257.       NCERT    National Council of Education Research and Training
258.       NHRC    National Human Rights Commission
259.       NPR    National Population Register
260.       OGL    Open General License
261.       OPEC    Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries
262.       PAN    Permanent Account Number
263.       POTA    Prevention of Terrorism Act
264.       PVC    Param Vir Chakra
265.       PVSM    Param Vishisht Sewa Medal
266.       RAF    Rapid Action Force
267.       RBI   Reserve Bank of India
268.       RCC    Reinforced Concrete Cement
269.       RLV    Reusable Launch Vehicle
270.       SWAPO    South West African Peoples Organization
271.       SAARC     South Asian Association for Regional Co    operation
272.       SARS    Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
273.       SATNAV    Satellite Navigation
274.       SDR    Special Drawing Rights
275.       SEBI    Securities and Exchange Board of India
276.       SWIFT    Society for Worldwide Financial Telecommunication
277.       SSA     Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
278.       TADA    Terrorist and Disruptive Activities Act
279.       TDS    Tax Deduction at Source
280.       TIFR    Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
281.       TIN    Tax Information Network
282.       UNIDO     United Nations Industrial Development Organisation
283.       UGC    University Grants Commission
284.       UNEF    United Nations Emergency Force
285.       UNEP     United Nations Environment Programme
286.       UNI     United News of India
287.       UNICEF     United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund
288.       UNHCR     United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
289.       VDIS    Voluntary Disclosure of Income Scheme
290.       VLSI    Very Large Scale Integration
291.       VOIP    Voice Over Internet Protocol
292.       VPN    Virtual Private Network
293.       VRS    Voluntary Retirement Scheme
294.       VSAT    Very Small Aperture Terminals
295.       WHO    World Health Organisation
296.       WIPO     World intellectual property Organisation
297.       WLL    Wireless in Local Loop
298.       WMD    Weapon of Mass Destruction
299.       WTO    World Trade Organisation
300.       XML    eXtensible Markup Language
301.       YMCA    Young Men’s Christian Association
302.       YWCA    Young Women’s Christian Association
303.       ZSI    Zoological Survey of India

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1 comment:

  1. Thank you so very much for these materials.